**Wildlife Pests Require a Wildlife Professional & are NOT Considered Pest Control – We are providing this information as a service to our customers and would be happy to refer you to a wildlife control company to further assist you. **
Considered to be a nuisance by ranchers, coyotes are considered both predators and scavengers. They feed on a wide variety of plants and animals. Distributed throughout Colorado, coyotes adapt easily where food sources are available. Much like wolves, multiple attempts to eradicate or control coyotes have taken place over the years due to their suspected role in attacks and depredation of livestock.
Coyotes breed in late winter to early spring and raise one litter of pups per year. Female coyotes may dig multiple dens to allow for the need to move the pups prior to their weaning at the age of 7 weeks. Dens can be as deep as 20 feet. The average lifespan of a coyote is roughly 8-10 years, although they have been known to live as long as 20 years. Weighing in at roughly 30 to 40 pounds, coyotes are comparable to a medium sized dog. Coat color varies depending on the time of year and the region in which they live. Contrary to the belief of many, coyotes are diurnal, meaning they can be active both day and night. Primary activity typically occurs at dawn and dusk; however, seeing activity during the day does not always indicate that the animal is ill. The need to scavenge or hunt for food can influence activity especially during times when they are raising their young.
Residents need to be aware of the potential for coyote activity and be prepared for potential encounters with coyotes and other wildlife. Dog owners are encouraged to always keep their dogs on leash during walks. Small dogs should be picked up when coyotes or other wildlife are encountered. Avoiding areas that are known to have den sites or provide dense vegetation decreases risk of encountering a protective adult coyote. Always be extra vigilant when you are active at dawn and dusk. Deterrent sprays can be utilized during an encounter or attack. Plastic jars with lids or water bottles can be emptied and rocks added to create a loud noise maker when shaken to frighten the coyote or be thrown in the event of being approached. If you encounter a coyote, never turn your back to the animal or run as this may provoke a predator response. Be loud and appear as large as possible while backing away slowly.
Coyotes are considered to be furbearers in Colorado and are managed as such. Control methods include hunting and trapping where permitted by law. Always check for current state and local regulations.